Tuesday, May 31, 2011

Kidney


Kidney disease is so scary and painful thing for all of us. However, the kidney is identical with the pattern of one's lifestyle. Kidney disease is not contagious, but the cause of death and needed expensive to continue treatment that lasts a lifetime patient. Because of increased awareness and early detection will prevent the complications of this disease becomes chronic.

In chronic kidney disease decreased kidney function is slowly resulting in kidney failure which is the hardest stage of chronic kidney disease. If you have reached this stage, patients require renal replacement therapy in the form of dialysis (hemodialysis) or renal transplant is expensive.

Kidney weight that we have indeed just 150 grams, or about half the palm of the hand. But the kidney function is very strategic and affect all parts of the body. In addition to regulate body fluid balance, electrolyte, and acid-base, the kidneys will also remove metabolic waste that will poison the body, regulate blood pressure and maintain healthy bones.

Kidney disease often with no complaints at all, not infrequently a person loses 90 percent of kidney function before starting to feel the complaint. Patients should be wary if you have symptoms such as high blood pressure, change in amount of urine, blood in urine, swelling in the feet and ankles, weakness and difficulty sleeping, headache, tightness, and feeling of nausea and vomiting.

Each person can be affected by kidney disease, but they recommended an early inspection is the people who pick the high risk factors, namely those with a family history of high blood, diabetes, heart disease, and any family members who expressed a doctor kidney disease.

There are several checks that can be done to determine the condition of our kidneys. The most common is the examination of urine. The presence of protein or blood in the urine showed abnormalities of the kidney. In addition, we also can do blood tests to measure levels of creatinine and urea in the blood. If the kidneys do not work, levels of both substances would be increased in the blood. Further investigation to identify abnormalities in the form of radiological examination and renal biopsy.

Kidney disorders can be prevented in various ways, mainly by adopting a healthy lifestyle. Stop smoking, pay attention to cholesterol levels, control weight, avoid dehydration by drinking enough water not more than 2 liters per day. Perform an annual health check with your doctor, ask also for your urine checked to see any blood or protein in the urine. No less important, be careful in using anti-pain medication in particular types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

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